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Safety in any workplace is extremely important. In the case of the electrical industry, safety is critical and the codes and regulations which determine safe practices are both diverse and complicated. Employers, electricians, electrical system designers, inspectors, engineers and architects must comply with safety standards listed in the National Electrical Code, OSHA and NFPA 70E. Unfortunately, the publications which list these safety requirements are written in very technically advanced terms and the average person has an extremely difficult time understanding exactly what they need to do to ensure safe installations and working environments. This book will tie together the various regulations and practices for electrical safety and translate these complicated standards into easy to understand terms. This will result in a publication that is a practical, if not essential, asset to not only designers and company owners but to the electricians who must put compliance requirements into action in the field.
1 Regulatory Agencies and Organizations The need for standardized code The national electrical code National fire protection association Birth of a code or standard National electrical safety code American national standards institute A little knowledge goes a long way 2 Establishing an Effective Electrical Safety Program Safety program goals Safety manuals Elements of a safety handbook Safety meetings Training and education Emergency response plan Documentation and record keeping Reliance versus compliance 3 Recognizing the Real Dangers of Electricity What is electricity? Fire hazards OSHA fire protection standards Blast and flash injuries Electrocution 4 Working on Energized Parts and Equipment Qualified workers Competent person Unqualified person Energized work permits Stored energy Types of lockout, tagout Re-energizing protocols 5 Electrical System Grounding and Bonding Terms to know What is grounding? Ground faults versus short circuits Overcurrent protection devices Grounded versus grounding Artificial earth Bonding Ungrounded systems 6 Safety Grounding Principals Safety grounds Safety grounding jumpers 7 Understanding Arc Flash and Arc Blast Hazards NAPA 70 E Determining safe approach distances Arc flash hazard analysis Personal protective equipment Table method of what to wear 8 Specific Requirements of the NESC Electric supply installations Communication lines Overhead power lines Power line safety for electricians 9 NEC Standards of Safety Conductor sizing Branch circuit sizing Feeder sizing Feeder and service loads Overcurrent protection Clearance safety 10 OSHA Regulations Simplified Frequent violation categories Specific compliance Personal protective equipment Eye protection Head protection A true story Hardhat classifications Footwear Confined space regulations Surviving an OSHA inspection Contesting an OSHA Citation 11 Accident and Injury Prevention and Procedures Ergonomics, not just for office workers Ergonomic assessment and injury prevention Ergonomics and hand tools Stretches Safety DOs and DON'Ts Ladders First aid Bleeding Eye injury Electrical shock Heart attacks CPR Accident reporting and investigation Mandatory reporting 12 Safe Work Practices Safety conscious employer interviews Pre-employment physical exams Employee safety concerns Employee safety rights Material safety data sheets Workers' compensation facts Employer workers compensation facts Workers compensation costs Return to work programs Analyzing previous claims The right tools for safety Electrical protective gloves Electrical safety tips Trenches Code compliant safety R.E.C. safety practices Recognize hazards Evaluate the hazards Controlling hazards